The Maltese care, properties, and curios
Small, elegant and intelligent are three adjectives that describe the Maltese well.
The Maltese is a dog breed whose origin is not clear. It was recognized in 1954 under the auspices of Italy.
Small, elegant and intelligent are three adjectives that describe the Maltese well. This adorable dog with a long, white coat is a companion animal, but is also ideal as a “watchdog”.
We invite you to learn more about this friendly pet.
The Maltese and its interesting history
Although his name suggests, this breed is not native to the island of Malta. Maltese comes from a Semitic word meaning port or refuge.
And this is consistent with the fact that the ancestors of this dog inhabited the port areas of the central Mediterranean, where they were used for rodent control.
Its origins are uncertain. It is thought that the Phoenicians brought him from Egypt. There is also evidence of the existence of similar animals in ancient Greece and in Rome.
The Maltese also appears in paintings of many renaissance painters. There he is seen in salons, as he accompanied the then ladies.
However, he was recognized in 1954 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) as a race.
We introduce you to the Maltese, a small dog with a long, smooth and white coat, which is also characterized by his intelligence and as a “watchdog”.
Physical description of the breed
His thin and elongated body, his proud and remarkable posture and his long, flaccid and hairy ears are some of the Maltese’s most important physical features.
We can also highlight the following:
Height: between 21 and 25 centimeters in males and between 20 and 23 in females.
- Fur: light, silky and dense. He has a single white and smooth coat that falls to the floor.
- Eyes: round and ocher with black border. His expression is attentive.
- Tail: very hairy. He curves on his back and is narrower at the top.
- Legs: short, round legs, tight toes and paw pads and dark nails.
A dog with a great personality
The Maltese is a happy, affectionate, sociable and easy-to-educate dog (he quickly learns tricks).
However, if you do not set clear rules or are not socialized in time, you can get nervous. On the other hand, he does not like to be left alone and he loves to bite his toys.
Although he is an ideal pet, he gets along better with adults than with children. Especially if they are too young to understand how an animal should be treated.
Children could be too wild and even hurt. In addition, this cute and playful animal does not like, for example, when someone pulls on his long coat.
Even if he gets along well with other pets, he may feel threatened by animals that are much larger in relation to him.
How to look after a Maltese
With a life expectancy of between 12 and 15 years, the Maltese is a healthy dog. Nevertheless, he may have knee problems. Avoid being overweight.
Another detail to consider is that it usually develops allergies to certain human foods, which requires proper nutrition.
Although he does not need too much physical exercise to stay healthy, he loves her, especially in the form of games and walks.
Maltese’s long, smooth coat requires regular brushing with special accessories to prevent knots from forming or skin problems.
His coat can also cause eye irritation or even conjunctivitis. A good option is therefore to keep his coat, with a bow or clasp, out of his face.
Although it is ideal to leave the coat long and only cut the tips, some people prefer a shorter cut that gives them a typical puppy look. It is recommended that you bathe every six to eight weeks.
The daily care of the breed also includes the cleaning of the eyes, the lacrimal ways and the muzzle. This will prevent the appearance of brown spots around these areas.